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History of Thailand

The history of Thailand is a long story, so we only put the most important periods of this beautiful nation of Southeast Asia.

The Ayutthaya period (1350-1767 AD)
The first monarch of the Kingdom of Ayutthaya, Ramathibodi I, made two important contributions to the
Thai history, established and fostered Theravada Buddhism as the official religion, to differentiate of the Hindu Kingdom of Angkor, and compiled the Dharmashastra as official code of laws. Ayutthaya dominated an area that stretched from the Islamic states in the Malay Peninsula to the northern states from Thailand. Burma that had control of Lanna in the north and that had unified their kingdoms under a powerful dynasty, launched several invasion attempts in the 1750s and 1760s, until finally the Burmese attacked the capital and conquered it in 1767. The Royal family fled the city and the king he died of hunger ten days later, ending the lineage of Ayutthaya. So, after 400 years in power, in the year 1767, the kingdom of Ayutthaya falls under the invasion of Burmese army. Its capital was burned and its territory divided. The ruins of the old capital are today the Historical Park of Ayutthaya, declared Patrimony of the Humanity by the Unesco in the year 1991.

The Thonburi period (1767-1772 AD)
After the defeat at Burmese hands the general of Ayutthaya Taksin fled to the south with the troops that
They were and soon he got many followers. He became king in 1768 and Thonburi, now Bangkok becomes the new capital of the kingdom of Siam. Taksin and his troops attacked the Burmese to the north and
They were kicked out of the country. Thonburi grew up being a strong but peaceful state for 15 years, but Taksin, he began to have megalomaniac tendencies. When he proclaimed that he was the reincarnation of Buddha, his followers assassinated him in 1782 and General Chakri, his former military adviser, became the new King of Siam.

The modern era
After the Siamese coup in 1932, the constitutional monarchy became the system Government official of Thailand. It was during this period that King Prapjakdhipok abdicated in favor of ten-year-old nephew Ananda Mahidol, who died mysteriously in 1946. The new government Thai made many changes specifically within the military commands, which were notably directed by Luan Phibunsongkhram and Sarit Dhanarajata. The 1973 revolution had as a result, a short and unstable period of democracy in Thailand. During the eighties, the country was under the command of Prem, a strong Democrat who put aside parliamentary politics. In
2001, the Thai Rak Thai Democratic Party came to power headed by Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra In 2006, a new coup d’état was successfully carried out by the Commander in Head of the army of Thailand, General Sonthi Boonyaratglin.

 

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